PBS NewsHour; March 12, 2021, 6:00pm-7:00pm PST (2024)

- Captioning sponsored by - NEWSHOUR PRODUCTIONS, LLC - >> Woodruff: GOOD EVENING. - I'M JUDY WOODRUFF. - ON THE NEWSHOUR TONIGHT: - GETTING THE VACCINE. - THE BIDEN ADMINISTRATION TEAMS - UP WITH KEY GLOBAL ALLIES TO - CHALLENGE CHINA'S VACCINE - DIPLOMACY DOMINANCE. - THEN, WORK SHIFT. - BLACK AMERICANS AND WOMEN STILL - FACE DISCRIMINATION IN SKILLED - TRADES, DESPITE AN INCREASINGLY - DIVERSE WORKFORCE. - >> IT'S HARD TO GET A POINT OF - ENTRY. - HISTORICALLY, WOMEN AND - MINORITIES HAVE BEEN - SYSTEMATICALLY KEPT OUT OF THESE - HIGHER-PAYING SKILLED JOBS. - AND WHEN YOU DO GET IN, THERE'S - NO PLACE FOR ADVANCEMENT. - >> Woodruff: AND, IT'S FRIDAY. - DAVID BROOKS A JONATHAN - CAPEHART CONSIDER THE HISTORIC - COVID RELIEF LAW, THE - IMMIGRATION CRISIS, AND A YEAR - OF LIFE IN THE PANDEMIC. - ALL THAT AND MORE, ON TONIGHT'S

- PBS NEWSHOUR. - >> MAJOR FUNDING FOR THE PBS - NEWSHOUR HAS BEEN PROVIDED BY: - ♪ ♪ ♪ - MOVING OUR ECONOMY FOR 160 - YEARS. - BNSF, THE ENGINE THAT CONNECTS - US. - >> FIDELITY WEALTH MANAGEMENT. - >> CONSUMER CELLULAR. - >> JOHNSON & JOHNSON. - >> THE JOHN S. AND JAMES L.

- KNIGHT FOUNDATION. - FOSTERING INFORMED AND ENGAGED - COMMUNITIES. - MORE AT KF.org. - >> AND WITH THE ONGOING SUPPORT - OF THESE INSTITUTIONS: - AND FRIENDS OF THE NEWSHOUR. - >> THIS PROGRAM WAS MADE - POSSIBLE BY THE CORPORATION FOR - PUBLIC BROADCASTING. - AND BY CONTRIBUTIONS TO YOUR PBS - STATION FROM VIEWERS LIKE YOU. - THANK YOU. - >> Woodruff: THE WHITE HOUSE IS - DEFENDING PRESIDENT BIDEN'S - DECISION TO HOLD COVID-19 - VACCINES IN THE UNITED STATES, - AND NOT SHIP DOSES OVERSEAS. - LAST NIGHT, HE ANNOUNCED THAT - ALL AMERICANS SHOULD BE ELIGIBLE - FOR SHOTS BY MAY 1. - TODAY, AIDES CONFIRMED THAT HE - HAS DECLINED TO DONATE PART OF

- THE U.S. SUPPLY. - >> HIS VIEW IS THAT HIS - OBLIGATION-- FIRST OBLIGATION-- - IS TO-- ADDRESSING WHAT IS STILL - A CRISIS IN OUR COUNTRY. - RIGHT? - YES, HE OUTLINED LAST NIGHT - THERE IS A LIGHT AT END OF - TUNNEL, BUT 1,400 AMERICANS ARE - DYING EVERY SINGLE DAY, AND HE - WANTS TO HAVE, AS THE LEADER OF - THIS COUNTRY, MAXIMUM - FLEXIBILITY. - >> Woodruff: MR. BIDEN HAS - AGREED TO CONTRIBUTE - FINANCIALLY, TO HELP NEEDY - NATIONS BUY VACCINE. - AND TODAY, HE MET VIRTUALLY WITH - OTHERS IN THE SO-CALLED "QUAD," - LEADERS OF JAPAN, INDIA AND - AUSTRALIA. - THEY UNVEILED A PLAN TO BOOST - VACCINE PRODUCTION IN ASIA. - WE WILL LOOK AT ALL OF THIS, - AFTER THE NEWS SUMMARY. - NEW YORK GOVERNOR ANDREW CUOMO - DEFIED GROWING POLITICAL - PRESSURE TODAY AND REFUSED AGAIN - TO RESIGN OVER ALLEGATIONS OF - SEXUAL MISCONDUCT. - A MAJORITY OF NEW YORK'S - CONGRESSIONAL DELEGATION, - INCLUDING LATE TODAY, BOTH U.S. - SENATORS CHUCK SCHUMER AND - KIRSTEN GILLIBRAND, ARE CALLING - FOR HIM TO STEP DOWN. - BUT, IN A CONFERENCE CALL

- EARLIER, CUOMO ACCUSED HIS - DETRACTORS OF JOINING SO-CALLED - "CANCEL CULTURE." - >> THERE IS STILL A QUESTION OF - THE TRUTH. - I DID NOT DO WHAT HAS BEEN - ALLEGED. - POLITICIANS WHO DON'T KNOW A - SINGLE FACT BUT YET FORM A - CONCLUSION AND AN OPINION, ARE, - IN MY OPINION, RECKLESS AND - DANGEROUS. - >> Woodruff: THE GOVERNOR ALSO - QUESTIONED THE MOTIVES OF HIS - ACCUSERS. - BUT TODAY, A SEVENTH WOMAN, - ANOTHER FORMER AIDE, CHARGED - THAT CUOMO HARASSED HER AS WELL. - FEDERAL HEALTH OFFICIALS ARE - HOPING MORE FAMILIES WILL CLAIM - UNACCOMPANIED MIGRANT CHILDREN, - COMING INTO THE U.S. WITHOUT - FEAR OF BEING DEPORTED. - THEY ANNOUNCED TODAY THAT THEY - ARE ENDING A TRUMP-ERA POLICY OF - SHARING INFORMATION ON SPONSORS - WITH IMMIGRATION AUTHORITIES.

- NUMBERS OF CHILDREN CROSSING THE - SOUTHERN BORDER ALONE ARE - SURGING, WITH MORE THAN 3,000 IN - DETENTION FACILITIES NOW. - THE CITY OF MINNEAPOLIS AGREED - TODAY TO PAY $27 MILLION TO - SETTLE A CIVIL LAWSUIT WITH THE - FAMILY OF GEORGE FLOYD. - HE DIED IN POLICE CUSTODY LAST - MAY. - THE FAMILY'S ATTORNEY, BEN - CRUMP, HAILED THE AGREEMENT AS - HISTORIC. - >> MAKES A STATEMENT THAT GEORGE - FLOYD DESERVED BETTER THAN WHAT - WE WITNESSED ON MAY 25, 2020. - THAT GEORGE FLOYD'S LIFE - MATTERS, AND BY EXTENSION, - BLACK LIVES MATTER. - >> Woodruff: THE SETTLEMENT CAME - AMID JURY SELECTION FOR DEREK - CHAUVIN, THE WHITE FORMER POLICE - OFFICER CHARGED WITH FLOYD'S - MURDER. - IN ROCHESTER, NEW YORK, AN - INVESTIGATION INTO THE DEATH OF - DANIEL PRUDE ACCUSES THE MAYOR - AND THE FORMER POLICE CHIEF OF - WITHHOLDING INFORMATION, AND

- OUTRIGHT LYING. - PRUDE SUFFOCATED LAST MARCH - AFTER POLICE RESTRAINED HIM. - TODAY'S REPORT WAS COMMISSIONED - BY THE CITY COUNCIL. - A GRAND JURY HAS DECLINED TO - INDICT ANY OF THE POLICE - OFFICERS INVOLVED. - MAINLAND CHINA TODAY REJECTED - U.S. CRITICISM OF ITS TIGHTENING - GRIP ON HONG KONG. - THE U.S. STATE DEPARTMENT HAD - CALLED IT "AN ASSAULT ON - DEMOCRACY." - BUT, BEIJING ACCUS WASHINGTON - OF HYPOCRISY. - >> ( translated ): WHEN HONG - KONG WAS ROCKED BY DISTURBANCES, - THE U.S. PRAISED IT AS "A - BEAUTIFUL SIGHT." - BUT WHEN DEMONSTRATORS STORMED - THE CAPITOL ON JANUARY 6, THE - U.S. BRANDED IT DOMESTIC - TERRORISM. - WHAT MORAL HIGH GROUND DOES THE - U.S. HAVE TO TELL CHINA ABOUT - WHAT IT SHOULD DO? - >> Woodruff: CHINA HAS NOW - IMPOSED MEASURES THAT LET IT - SELECT MORE OF HONG KONG'S - LAWMAKERS. - E VATICAN SAYS IT HAS NEARLY - USED UP RESERVES FROM PAST - DONATIONS TO COVER BUDGET - DEFICITS. - CHURCH OFFICIALS TODAY FORECAST - RED INK OF NEARLY $60 MILLION - THIS YEAR.

- THEY BLAMED REDUCED DONATIONS - AMID THE PANDEMIC. - THE HOLY SEE ALSO FACES AN - ONGOING CORRTION PROBE. - AND ON WALL STREET, THE DOW - JONES INDUSTRIAL AVERAGE - GAINED 293 POINTS TO FINISH AT - 32,778. - THE NASDAQ FELL 78 POINTS, AND - THE S&P 500 ADDED FOUR. - STILL TO COME ON THE NEWSHOUR: - THE BIDEN ADMINISTRATION TAKES - STEPS TO CHALLENGE CHINA'S - VACCINE DIPLOMACY DOMINANCE. - BLACK AMERICANS AND WOMEN - CONTINUE TO FACE DISCRIMINATION - IN SKILLED TRADES. - DAVID BROOKS AND JONATHAN - CAPEHART OFFER THEIR TAKES ON - THE POLITICS OF COVID RELIEF. - PLUS, MUCH MORE. - >> Woodruff: PRESIDENT BIDEN - MOVED UP THE TIMELINE LAST NIGHT

- FOR VACCINE ALLOCATION, SAYING - HE WILL ORDER ALL STATES, TRIBES - AND TERRITORIES TO OFFER A - VACCINE TO ALL ADULTS BY MAY 1. - THAT, HE SAID, COULD ALLOW FOR - SMALLER GATHERINGS BY THE FOURTH - OF JULY. - BUT IT MEANS THAT VACCINE - DISTRIBUTION WILL HAVE TO - RAMP UP EVEN FURTHER. - MR. BIDEN ALSO VOWED THIS - MORNING TO EXPAND VACCINE SUPPLY - GLOBALLY DURING AN UNPRECEDENTED - MEETING OF WORLD LEADERS. - WILLIAM BRANGHAM AND NICK - SCHIFRIN ARE HERE NOW TO BREAK - IT DOWN. - SO HELLO TO BOTH OF YOU AND - WILLIAM, I'M GOING TO BEGIN WITH - YOU. - GIVE US A SENSE OF WHERE WE ARE - WITH VACCINE DISTRIBUTION NOW IN - THE UNITED STATES, A SENSE OF - THE PROGRESS THAT'S BEEN MADE. - >> Brangham: JUDY WE'RE AT - ABOUT 81, 82 MILLION SHOTS THAT - HAVE BEEN ADMINISTERED SO FAR. - AND IF YOU REMEMBER THE - PRESIDENT PROMISED 100 MILLION - SHOTS WITHIN HIS FIRST 100 DAYS. - IT LOOKS LIKE HE'S CERTAINLY - GOING TO HIT THAT DEADLINE. - YOU REMEMBER LAST NIGHT WE ALL

- HEARD ELIGIBILITY FOR ALL ADULTS - SHOULD BE OPENED UP BY MAY - 1st. - AND THIS COMES FROM THE - ADMINISTRATION'S CONFIDENCE THAT - WE ARE SUDDEN GOING TO HAVE A - LARGE SUPPLY OF VACCINES IN OUR - HANDS. - AND THEN THE ISSUE OF COURSE AS - WE HAVE SEEN THUS FAR IS HOW DO - WE GET THOSE OUT OF VIALS AND - INTO PEOPLE'S ARMS. - THE PACE IS GETTING BETTER BUT - WE'RE STILL STRUGGLING WITH THE - ISSUES OF GETTING PEOPLE - APPOINTMENTS AND VACCINE - REGISTRATIONS AND STILL GUM IN - THE WORKS BUT THE PACE IS - DEFINITELY PICKING UP. - >> Woodruff: TELL US, WHAT IS - THE ADMINISTRATION TRYING TO DO - TO SPEED THINGS UP? - >> Brangham: THERE IS A LOT - OF MONEY IN THE COVID BILL JU - SIGNED INTO LAW. - TODAY THE COACHED ADMINISTRATION - TASK FORCE ANNOUNCED THAT - VACCINES WILL BE GOING TO CLSE - TO 700 MORE COMMUNITY CENTERS, - VACCINES WILL BE MADE AVAILABLE - AT ANOTHER 20,000 FARMINGZS.

- -- PHARMACIES. - THE ADMINISTRATION SAID THEY - WOULD DOUBLE THE NUMBER OF - VACCINE DISTRIBUTION CENTERS, - FROM STADIUMS TO VACCINE CLINICS - TO MOBILE AROUND THE COUNTRY. - THE POOL OF VACCINATORS, THE - PEOPLE THAT ARE ABLE TO - ADMINISTER THE SHOTS AND THE - PRESIDENT PROMISED A NEW WEBSITE - LAST NIGHT TOO TO HELP - COORDINATE THIS CONFUSING - BYZANTINE PROCESS THAT PEOPLE - HAVE BEEN NAVIGATING. - THE QUESTION NOW COMES OF COURSE - IF WE STAY AT OUR CURRENT PACE - WHEN DOES THE COUNTRY REACH HERD - IMMUNITY? - WHEN DO PEOPLE HAVE ENOUGH - VACCINES THAT WE FEEL CONFIDENT - THIS PANGD IS GETTING BEHIND US? - AT THE CURRENT PACE OF ABOUT 2 - MILLION DOSES BEING ADMINISTERED - EVERY DAY, THERE ARE A LOT OF - CAVEATS TO THIS, BUT WE COULD BE - CLOSE TO 75, 80% OF THE - POPULATION BEING VACCINATED BY - MID TO LATE SUMMER.

- LOTS OF CAVEATS. - THERE ARE THINGS THAT COULD - INTERRUPT THAT PROCESS BUT MID - TO LATE SUMMER WE'VE COULD - ACHIEVE SOMETHING CLOSE TO HERD - IMMUNITY. - THE HOPE IS THAT WHEN WE GET TO - THAT POINT, MANY OTHER NATIONS - AROUND THE WORLD WOULD HOPE THAT - THE U.S. WOULD SHARE ITS SUPPLY - OF SURPLUS VACCINE FOR THEM. - TODAY, JEN SA KEY SAID, UNTIL - AMERICANS HAVE BEEN FULLY - VACCINATED THEY HAVE NOT BEEN - SHARING SOMETHING SO FAR. - >> Holman: TELL US WHAT THE - WORLD LEADERS ANNOUNCED TODAY. - >> Schifrin: PRESIDENT BIDEN - PRESIDENTS FROM J.P. AUSTRALIA - ON BIG SCREENS. - VACCINES WILL BE MANUFACTURED IN - INDIA, WHICH IS ALREADY A - LEADING MANUFACTURER AND THEY - WILL USE AUSTRALIAN LOGISTICS TO - DISTRIBUTE THOSE VACCINES.

- AND THAT WILL HELP WHAT EVERY - EXPERT SAYS, THAT IS THE - PANDEMIC WILL NOT BE OVER UNTIL - EVERYONE, EVERYWHERE IS - VACCINATED. - >> WE ARE ALL INTERDEPENDENT AND - NO COUNTRY CAN SIMPLY VACCINATE - ITS WAY OUT OF THIS PANDEMIC. - WE CANNOT END THE PANDEMIC - ANYWHERE UNLESS WE END IT - EVERYWHERE. - >> Schifrin: ANOTHER STEP TO - ACCOMPLISH THAT GOAL JUDY - WILLIAM MENTIONED THE WHITE - HOUSE FINALLY ADMITTED TODAY IT - HAD BLOCKED REQUESTS TO EXPORT - VACCINES. - U.S. OFFICIALS TELL ME THEY WILL - BEGIN TO EXPORT VACCINES THIS - SUMMER AFTER THE ENTIRE UNITED - STATES IS VACCINATED NOT ONLY - BECAUSE THE ADMINISTRATION HAS - PURCHASED MORE VACCINES BUT THE - TRUMP ADMINISTRATION WARP SPEED - INCREASED VAKS IF NATION - PRODUCTION IN THE UNITED STATES. - HE SAID THIS KIND OF HIGH INCOME

- COUNTRY INVESTMENT IN VACCINE - DISTRIBUTION AND DEVELOPMENT IS - THE ONLY WAY THIS PANDEMIC WILL - END. - BUT HE SAID HE WAS DISAPPOINTED. - THAT THE BIDEN TEAM HAD DECLINED - THESE EXPORT REQUESTS, AND HE - SAID THE U.S. COULD HAVE AND - SHOULD HAVE DONE MORE. - I TALKED TO OTHER HUMANITARIAN - OFFICIALS WHO URGED BIDEN TO GO - FURTHER. - TO PUSH COMPANIES TO GIVE UP - INTELLECTUAL PROPERTY RIGHTS AND - ALSO TO FOCUS NOT ONLY ON ASIA - BUT ON AFRICA. - >> Woodruff: DO WE KNOW WHERE - THESE VACCINES ANNOUNCED BY - DISTRIBUTORS ARE GOING TO BE - SENT? - >> Schifrin: ACCORDING TO - SENIOR U.S. AND QUAD OFFICIALS - IS THE INDO PACIFIC. - THE HUB OF PRODUCTION WILL BE - INDIA WHICH IS ALREADY EXPORTING - MILLIONS OF VACCINES. - AS INDIA'S AMBASSADOR TOLD ME - EARLIER TODAY. - >> INDIA HAS ALREADY OPENED ITS - DOOR. - PHARMACY OF THE WORLD.

- AND WE BELIEVE IN SHARING OUR - YOU ARE AWARE THAT INDIA'S - PRIVATE SECTOR LAST BEEN - STEPPING IN AND EXPANDING - CAPACITY. - >> Schifrin: INDEPENDENT - EXPERTS POINT OUT THAT THE CEX - FOR THIS IS SOUTHEAST ASIA IS - WHERE BEIJING HAS FOCUSED ITS - VACCINE EFFORTS AND A BILLION - VACCINES IS ENOUGH TO ACHIEVE - HERD IMMUNITY FOR THE ENTIRE - REGION. - AND THE BIDEN ADMINISTRATION, - TRYING TO SEND A MESSAGE TO - BEIJING NOT ONLY TODAY, BUT ALSO - THESE TRIPS COMING UP, SECRETARY - OF DEFENSE, SECRETARY OF STATE - NOT ONLY GOING TO SOUTHEAST - ASIA. - >> Woodruff: WILLIAM BRANGHAM - AND NICK SCHIFRIN, THANK YOU - BOTH. - >> Woodruff: THE WINTER STORMS - THAT DEVASTATED TEXAS LAST MONTH

- LED TO A MAJOR WATER CRISIS. - BUT, FOR WEEKS AFTERWARD, THERE - WEREN'T ENOUGH PLUMBERS TO HELP - CUSTOMERS WITH THE DAMAGE. - ALL OF THIS UNDERSCORES THE NEED - FOR MORE OF THESE SKILLED - WORKERS. - AND YET, FOR WOMEN AND WORKERS - OF COLOR, THERE CAN BE EVEN - GREATER OBSTACLES. - PAUL SOLMAN HAS THE STORY, - FOR OUR SERIES "WORK SHIFT." - AND A WARNING: THIS STORY - INCLUDES SENSITIVE SUBJECT - MATTER. - >> I WAS IN A PORTA-JOHN ONE - TIME. - THEY PICKED ME UP WITH A CRANE. - >> Reporter: "THEY" WERE - ADRIENNE BENNETT'S FELLOW - WORKERS DURING HER FIVE-YEAR - UNION PLUMBING APPRENTICESHIP - IN THE EARLY 1980s. - >> AND YOU'RE BOUNCING AROUND IN - THERE, AND YOU-- AND YOU GOT - THAT SEWAGE IS SPLASHING ALL - OVER YOU. - YOU'RE AFRAID. - YOU DON'T KNOW WHAT'S GOING TO - HAPPEN. - >> Reporter: THE POINT WAS - RATHER OBVIOUS. - >> LIKE THE WOMEN BEFORE ME, - THEY WANTED ME TO LEAVE. - >> Reporter: THOSE WOMEN BEFORE - HER, ALL WHITE, HAD QUIT. - BUT BENNETT SURVIVED, GOT HIGH- - LEVEL TRAINING WHILE NOT TAKING - ON COLLEGE DEBT, WAS ACTUALLY - GETTING PAID.

- IN 1987, SHE BECAME THE FIRST-- - AND STILL ONLY-- BLACK FEMALE“ - MASTER PLUMBER” IN NORTH - AMERICA. - NOW RUNNING HER OWN FIRM IN - DETROIT, BENNETT SAYS IT ISN'T - JUST THE STIGMA OF DIRTY WORK OR - THE EMPHASIS ON COLLEGE THAT - KEEPS PEOPLE LIKE HER FROM - GETTING A HANDS-ON EDUCATION FOR - HIGH-PAYING JOBS IN THE - UNDERSTAFFED TRADES. - >> THIS IS A PIECE OF ARTWORK - RIGHT HERE. - >> Reporter: UNSURPRISINGLY - PERHAPS, IT'S DISCRIMINATION. - BECAUSE YOU'RE A WOMAN, BECAUSE - YOU'RE BLACK? - >> I NEVER, EVEN TO THIS DAY, I - STILL CAN'T ANSWER THAT - QUESTION. - IN THOSE DAYS, THERE WAS NO - PLACE FOR ME TO GO AND COMPLAIN. - THERE WAS NOBODY I COULD GO TALK - TO. - >> Reporter: WOMEN OBVIOUSLY - MAKE UP HALF OR MORE OF THE - POPULATION; AFRICAN AMERICANS, - ANOTHER 14%. - BUT ACCORDING TO THE BUREAU OF - LABOR STATISTICS, ONLY 8% OF - PLUMBERS ARE BLACK. - AS FOR WOMEN, TAKE BENNETT'S OWN - UNION LOCAL. - >> IT'S OVER 1,500 MEMBERS, AND - 13 WOMEN. - >> Reporter: BUT JUST LISTEN TO - WHAT SHE ENDURED FROM HER FELLOW - APPRENTICES. - >> DEAD RATS IN MY LUNCH BOX. - AND THEY WERE USED TO GROPING

- ME. - >> Reporter: ONE OF THEM, - SAVAGELY. - >> HE GRABS ME BY MY BUTTOCKS. - AND HE LIFTS ME UP OFF THE FLOOR - AND BY HIM DOING THAT, HE'S - RIPPED MY SKIN. - IT HURT. - AND I LOOKED AND THERE WAS - BLOOD. - BY THIS TIME I WAS SO TIRED OF - THEM PUTTING THEIR HANDS ON ME, - I GRABBED A PIPE WRENCH OUT OF - MY TOOL BELT. - AND BEFORE I REALIZED IT, I CAME - DOWN ON THE TOP OF HIS HARDHAT. - AND I SAID, STOPS TODAY. - YOU PASS THE WORD. - THE NEXT ( BLEEP ) THAT PUTS - THEIR HANDS ON ME WILL DIE, AND - I WILL GO TO PRISON HAPPILY. - >> Reporter: THE HAZING STOPPED. - BUT THE PREJUDICE WASN'T JUST - AGAINST WOMEN. - EVEN IN HEAVILY AFRICAN AMERICAN - DETROIT... - >> WHEN I GOT INTO THE TRADE, - THERE WERE NO BLACK MEN. - THEY HAD LEFT THE UNION, BECAUSE - THEY THEMSELVES WERE BEING

- CALLED THE N-WORD, BEING CALLED - A BOY. - YOU KNOW, THEY WERE BEING - TREATED LIKE THEY WERE IN THE - DEEP SOUTH. - >> Reporter: TONYA HICKS IS FROM - THE DEEP SOUTH. - >> MERIDIAN, MISSISSIPPI. - >> Reporter: AND SHE'S ANOTHER - RARITY IN THE TRADES. - >> ONLY 3% OF ALL THE - ELECTRICIANS IN THE UNITED - STATES ARE WOMEN, AND I'M ONE OF - THE 3%. - >> Reporter: AND BLACKS COMPRISE - LESS THAN 7% OF THE ELECTRICAL - TRADE. - NO WONDER HICKS BECAME - MISSISSIPPI'S FIRST BLACK FEMALE - JOURNEYMAN BACK IN 1999. - SHE NOW RUNS HER OWN FIRM IN - ATLANTA. - HOW TOUGH WAS IT FOR HER? - >> I HAD A FOREMAN TO TELL ME - THAT ALL BLACK WOMEN DO IS GET - FAT, HAVE A BUNCH OF KIDS AND - COLLECT WELFARE. - >> Reporter: GROWING UP IN - MERIDIAN, MISSISSIPPI, WERE YOU - EXPECTING TO BE TREATED AS BADLY - AS YOU WERE TREATED? - >> YES. - >> Reporter: WHY? - >> I GREW UP IN AN ENVIRONMENT - WHERE DISCRIMINATION AND RACISM - WAS A DAILY THING, SO I DIDN'T - KNOW ANYTHING DIFFERENT.

- MY GRANDFATHER WAS STABBED 62 - TIMES, AND THEY SLIT HIS THROAT. - >> Reporter: WHY? - WHAT DID HE DO? - >> HE WAS BLACK. - SO WHEN YOU LEARN IF PEOPLE HATE - AND WHAT HATE DOES AND WHAT HATE - LOOKS LIKE AND FEELS LIKE, YOU - DON'T KNOW ANYTHING DIFFERENT. - SO, NO, I EXPECTED IT. - BUT I WAS BRAVE ENOUGH TO GO AND - HUNGRY ENOUGH TO STAY. - >> Reporter: AND TOUGH ENOUGH TO - ENDURE. - BUT HAVEN'T THINGS CHANGED? - HOW COME MORE BLACK PEOPLE, MORE - WOMEN DON'T TRY TO BECOME - ELECTRICIANS? - >> IT'S HARD TO GET A POINT OF - ENTRY. - HISTORICALLY, WOMEN AND - MINORITIES HAVE BEEN - SYSTEMATICALLY KEPT OUT OF THESE - HIGHER-PAYING SKILLED JOBS. - THE UNIONS HAVE A HISTORY OF IT, - INCLING MY OWN UNION. - AND WHEN YOU DO GET IN, THERE'S - NO PLACE FOR ADVANCEMENT. - >> Reporter: IN ADDITION, SAYS - HICKS... - >> IT'S BASED ON WHO YOU KNOW. - AND THAT'S HOW MOST PEOPLE HIRE. - THEY HIRE WHO THEY LIKE AND WHO

- THEY ARE COMFORTABLE WITH. - SO, IF YOU DON'T HAVE BLACK - PEOPLE IN MANAGEMENT, YOU DON'T - HAVE WOMEN IN MANAGEMENT, IT - WON'T CHANGE. - >> BRING IT UP AND BRING IT ALL - THE WAY OVER. - >> Reporter: AS ADRIENNE BENNETT - LEARNED RECENTLY, WHEN SHE WAS - INTERVIEWING AFRICAN AMERICAN - PLUMBER CANDIDATES. - >> ONE GUY SAID THAT HE COULDN'T - GET INTO THE UNION, BECAUSE HE - DIDN'T HAVE ANY CONNECTIONS. - HE SHOULD HAVE BEEN ABLE TO GO - TO THAT UNION HALL, KNOCK ON THE - DOOR AND SAY, I WANT AN - APPLICATION TO GET IN. - "WHO DO YOU KNOW?" - "I DON'T KNOW NOBODY." - THEY SHUT THE DOOR. - >> Reporter: BUT BENNETT DOES - THINK THINGS ARE CHANGING. - >> THE U.A., WHICH IS UNITED - ASSOCIATION, WHICH IS FOR THE - PIPING TRADES, A NATIONAL LEVEL, - THE PRESIDENT AT THE CONFERENCE - THIS YEAR, HE MADE A MANDATE - THAT HARASSING, HAZING, IS GOING - TO STOP, AND THE WORKPLACE IS - NOT A PLACE FOR THAT. - SO NOW, IT IS BETTER, BUT IT'S A - MINDSET THAT IS GENERATIONAL. - THEY STILL FEEL THAT THEY CAN - SAY AND DO WHAT THEY WANT. - >> Reporter: FOR THE PBS

- NEWSHOUR, PAUL SOLMAN. - >> Woodruff: SO MUCH GOING ON. - AND NOW TO THE ANALYSIS OF - BROOKS AND CAPEHART. - THAT'S "NEW YORK TIMES" - COLUMNIST DAVID BROOKS, AND - JONATHAN CAPEHART, COLUMNIST FOR - THE "WASHINGTON POST." - LET'S BEGIN WITH PRESIDENT - BIDEN'S FIRST PRIME TIME ADDRESS - TO THE WHY NATION. - WHAT DO YOU THINK OF T TONE HE - SAID? - >> Brooks: HE SAID I NEED - YOU. - I HAVEN'T HEARD THAT FROM THE - WHITE HOUSE IN A WHILE. - THERE WAS A STONE OF EMPATHY BUT - I LIKE THE WAY HE SPUN IT - POSITIVELY. - AT THIS MOMENT, THE GOVERNMENT

- HAS HAD A FAULTS OF BEING TOO - NEGATIVE, THEY ARE STILL - IMPOSING WARNINGS, DOT DO - THIS, DON'T DO THIS. - BUT I THINK PEOPLE WANT - SOMETHING TO LOOK FORWARD TO. - WE CAN HANG IN IF WE ARE GIVEN - THE HOPE THAT GOOD TIMES ARE - AHEAD. - JULY 4th, YOU CAN PICNIC WITH - GRAND JURY FAMILY. - THIS IS A REALLY HARD PART OF - THE PANDEMIC, WE ARE EXHAUSTED - OF DOING THE SAME THING EVERY - DAY FOR A YEAR. - >> Woodruff: JONATHAN HOW DID - YOU READ, HEAR WHAT PRESIDENT - BIDEN SAID? - >> Capehart: THE THING THAT - JUMPED OUT AT ME THE SAME AS - DAVID ACTUALLY WHEN THE - PRESIDENT LEANED FORWARD INTO - THE CAMERA AND SAID, I NEED YOU. - THE OTHER THING THAT WAS IN THAT - SPEECH FOR ME ASIDE FROM THE - WORDS, WAS THE FACT THAT YES, WE - HAVE AN EMPATHETIC PRESIDENT, - ONE WHO OVERFLOWS WITH IT. - AND AFTER FOUR YEARS OF A - PRESIDENT WHO DIDN'T HAVE ANY - EMPATHY, FOR YEARS OF A - PRESIDENT WHO MADE EVERY - UTTERANCE, SPEECH RALLY ABOUT

- HIMSELF, TO HAVE A PRESIDENT - STAND BEFORE THE NATION AND SAY - WE, INSTEAD OF I, TO GIVE THAT, - SAY THAT THERE'S A LIGHT AT THE - END OF THE TUNNEL, WAS SOMETHING - THAT, YOU KNOW, I NOTICED ON MY - TWITTER FEED WHEN I SENT OUT A - MESSAGE SAYING THANK GOD WE HAVE - A PRESIDENT WHO IS OVERFLOWING - WITH EMPATHY, THE NUMBER OF - RESPONSES FROM PEOPLE WHO WERE - SAYING THEY WERE CRYING IN THAT - MOMENT, LISTENING TO THIS - PRESIDENT WHO'S NOT ONLY GIVING - THEM HOPE BUT REALLY GIVING - WORDS TO THE PAIN AND - FRUSTRATION THAT MILLIONS OF - AMERICANS HAVE FELT FOR THE LAST - YEAR. - >> Woodruff: WHEN YOU LOOK AT - THE SUBSTANCE OF WHAT IS IN THIS - LEGISLATION, THIS MASSIVE PIECE - OF LEGISLATION, DAVID, THE - REPUBLICANS ARE SAYING IT'S THE - WORST THING THEY'VE EVER SEEN. - MITCH McCONNELL SAYING, - TERRIBLE -- THE WORSE LAW HE HAS - EVER SEEN PASS THE CONGRESS, - WHILE DEMOCRATS ARE SAYING THIS - IS GOING TO MAKE A HUGE - DIFFERENCE IN THE LIVES OF - AMERICANS. - WHO'S GOING TO TURN OUT TO BE

- RIGHT? - >> Brooks: I DON'T KNOW. - YOU KNOW YOU TAKE A BET. - THE REPUBLICANS ARE RIGHT ABOUT - ONE THING. - WHEN YOU THROW NEARLY $2 - TRILLION ONTO A HOT ECONOMY OF - BORROWED MONEY YOU CERTAINLY RUN - THE RISK OF INFLATION. - AND THAT'S VERY HARD TO DEFEAT. - YOU REALLY HAVE TO SHUT DOWN THE - ECONOMY THE WAY WE DID IN 1981, - 82 TO SOLVE THAT PROBLEM. - YOU CERTAINLY RUN THE RISK OF - HAVING A BIG DEBT PROBLEM. - SO I COMPLETELY UNDERSTAND THE - CONCERNS. - I THINK WOULD I BET THE WAY - BIDEN BET ON THIS CASE BECAUSE - FOR THE LAST 20 YEARS IT'S - BECOME INCREASINGLY CLEAR THE - ECONOMY IS NOT WORKING FOR - PEOPLE THE WAY IT USED TO. - IT NOT WORKING FOR YOUNG - ADULTS, IT'S NOT WORKING FOR - PEOPLE THROUGHOUT THE COUNTRY - AND ONE WAY TO FIX THAT IS TO - CREATE A WHITE-HOT LABOR MARKET - BY PUMPING MONEY IN THE ECONOMY. - ANOTHER WAY TO FIX IT IS WITH - THE CHILD TAX CREDIT TO MAKE - PAREPARENTHOOD AFFORDABLE. - WHEN I LOOK AT THIS BILL I LOOK - AT IT AS AS A BIG EPICAL SHIFT. - IT IS AN EQUIVALENT - TRANSFORMATION TO ME OF WHEN

- RONALD REAGAN CAME INTO OFFICE - AND 1981 ADDRESSED THE - STAGFLATION OF THE 1970S. - NOW WE HAVE GIGANTIC POLICIES - BUT IN RESPONSE TO THE REAL - PROBLEM OF THE MOMENT. - >> Woodruff: AND JONATHAN, DO - YOU SEE ANY RISK OR RISK OF ANY - SIZE, MAGNITUDE, ON -- IN WHAT - THE DEMOCRATS ARE DOING, PARTY - LINE VOTE, NO REPUBLICANS VOTED - FOR IT? - >> Capehart: NO REPUBLICANS - VOTED FOR THE BILL, JUDY BUT - WHEN YOU LOOK AT THE PUBLIC - OPINION POLLING ABOUT THE - AMERICAN RESCUE PLAN 60% OF - REPUBLICANS FAVORED IT. - SO I THINK WHAT WE'RE GOING TO - SEE GOING FORWARD IS A GROWING - DISCONNECT, A GROWING CHASM, - BETWEEN REPUBLICANS WHO ARE - ELECTED TO COME HERE TO - WASHINGTON TO LEGISLATE AND THE - PEOPLE WHO SENT THEM HERE. - AND I'M NOT SURE HOW THE - REPUBLICAN PARTY IS GOING TO - DEAL WITH THAT. - BECAUSE ALL WE HAVE SEEN FROM - REPUBLICANS ON THE HILL IS, - DOCTOR SEUSS AND EVERYTHING THAT - THEY ARE AGAINST.

- I DEFY ANYONE TO TELL ME WHAT - REPUBLICANS ARE ACTUALLY FOR. - WITH THE EXCEPTION OF SENATOR - MITT ROMNEY, SENATOR TOM COTTON, - ON MINIMUM WAGE AND THE CHILD - TAX CREDIT. - BUT THAT'S JUST TWO REPUBLICANS. - MORE NEEDS TO COME OUT OF THE - REPUBLICAN PARTY FOR THEM TO BE - A CREDIBLE POLICY CHALLENGER TO - DEMOCRATS. - >> Woodruff: AND DAVID, IF THE - TWO PARTIES WEREN'T GOING TO - COME TOGETHER ON THIS WHAT DO - YOU THINK THE PROSPECTS ARE FOR - ANYTHING COMING DOWN THE PIPE - ANY TIME SOON? - >> Brooks: I THINK THERE IS - SOME PROSPECT. - THE DEMOCRATS REALLY WANTED TO - GO BIG ON THIS. - THEY GOT MORE THAN THEY THOUGHT - THEY WOULD. - WITHOUT SCARING AWAY THE - MODERATES THAT WAS NOT AUTOMATIC - SO THEY WANTED TO ON BIG AND - THEY OPENED HUGE. - THERE IS THE POSIBILITY OF - INFRASTRUCTURE, THIS IS THE - PERENNIAL THING OF WHICH THERE - SHOULD BE BIPARTISAN AGREEMENT, - EVERYONE MOUTHS WE SHOULD AGREE

- ON THIS. - SOME REPUBLICANS HAVE COME UP TO - 11, SO IT'S POSSIBLE THE - QUESTION TO ME IS DEMOCRATS DO - THEY REALLY WANT TO? - THEY HOLD THE POWER HERE. - DO THEY REALLY WANT TO OR DO - THEY REGARD THE RECURRENT - REPUBLICAN PARTY AS SO - ILLEGITIMATE IT'S NOT WORTH - COMPROMISING? - I THINK THAT SENTIMENT IS REALLY - THE GUIDING FORCE WITHIN THE - DEMOCRATIC PARTY NOW. - >> Woodruff: JONATHAN WHAT DO - YOU THINK THE CHANCES ARE THEY - WORK TOGETHER ON SOMETHING JGHTD - THEY'LL WORK TOGETHER ON - SOMETHING. - MAYBE IT'S -- - >> Capehart: THEY'LL WORK - TOGETHER ON SOMETHING. - MAYBE IT'S INFRASTRUCTURE. - THEY MIGHT BE ABLE TO DO IT ONE - MORE TIME WITH SOME ASPECTS OF - AN -- I'M SORRY NOT IMMIGRATION, - INFRASTRUCTURE PACKAGE. - BUT I DO THINK WHAT WE'RE GOING - TO SEE ON A BUNCH OF OTHER - PRIORITIES, IMMIGRATION, VOTING - REFORM, OTHER THINGS, WHERE THE - BILLS ARE GOING TO COME TO THE - FLOOR IN THE SENATE AND THERE - WON'T BE 60 VOTES TO END THE - FFILIBUSTER. - BUT THERE WILL BE MORE THAN 50

- VOTES THAT WILL SEND A SIGNAL TO - THE AMERICAN PEOPLE THAT THIS - COULD PASS, WERE IT NOT FOR THE - FILIBUSTER. - AND I THINK THAT WILL ENGENDER - GRASS ROOTS PRESSURE ON - DEMOCRATS TO DO AWAY WITH IT. - BUT ALSO PUT PRESSURE ON THE - REPUBLICANS TO EXPLAIN TO THE - AMERICAN PEOPLE, WAIT, IF A - MAJORITY OF YOU ARE FOR THIS, - WHY CAN'T IT PASS? - >> Woodruff: RIGHT. - DIFFERENT SUBJECT. - GOVERNOR ANDREW CUOMO OF NEW - YORK, DAVID THERE ARE NOW SEVEN - WOMEN WHO HAVE COME FORWARD - ACCUSING HIM OF SEXUAL - MISCONDUCT AND NOW WE HAVE BOTH - NEW YORK STATE, U.S. SENATORS, - CHUCK SCHUMER AND KIRSTEN - GILLIBRAND CALLING ON HIM TO - STANDPOINT DOWN. - CAN HE SURVIVE THIS? - >> Brooks: I DON'T POSSIBLY - SAY HOW HE CAN. - THIS IS REMINISCE EBT OF WHEN - BARRY GOLD WATER AND A NUMBER OF - REPUBLICANS TOLD RICHARD NIXON - HE HAD TO LEAVE.

- THIS IS ALL RELEVANT DEMOCRATS - WITH A FEW EXCEPTIONS TELLING - HIM HE HAS GOT TO LEAVE. - THERE ARE MANY WOMEN WHO MADE - THESE ACCUSATIONS. - NEWS STORY TODAY INTERVIEWING - DOZENS OF WOMEN IN THE - ADMINISTRATION, WHO DESCRIBED A - TOXIC ATMOSPHERE, NOT ALL OF - THEM DID, SOME OF THEM WERE - DESCRIBING AN ATMOSPHERE WHERE - THEY WERE REQUIRED TO WEAR HIGH - HEELS AND DRESS IN A CERTAIN - WAY. - I DON'T SEE HOW HE COULD LAST IN - OFFICE. - >> Woodruff: AND JONATHAN AS - WE REPORTED EARLIER GOVERNOR - CUOMO EARLIER TODAY SAID THESE - PEOPLE CALLING FOR HIM TO STEP - DOWN ARE PART OF CANCEL CULTURE, - THAT THEY DON'T KNOW THE FACTS. - >> Capehart: YEAH, HE'LL SAY - WHAT HE NEEDS TO SAY TO DEFEND - HIMSELF. - BUT WHEN YOU HAVE BOTH SITTING - UNITED STATES SENATORS, MORE - THAN HALF THE LEGISLATIVE -- - LEGISLATORS IN ALBANY CALLING - FOR YOUR RESIGNATION, THAT IS - SENDING A SIGNAL.

- THE ONE PERSON I AM WATCHING - JUDY IS CONGRESSMAN HAKEEM - JEFFREYS WAS A HOUSE IMPEACHMENT - MANAGER VERY, VERY CLOSE TO - GOVERNOR CUOMO. - IF HE LOSES HAKEEM HE JEFFREYS - YOU KNOW HE IS GONE. - >> Woodruff: WE WILL WATCH - THAT. - AND IN THE LITTLE BIT OF TIME WE - HAVE LEFT, THIS IS THE WEEK FOR - BOTH OF YOU. - WE HAVE SPENT A YEAR NOW IN THIS - PANDEMIC. - IT STARTED MARCH, MARCH THE - 10th OR 11th OF 2020. - OUR LIVES HAVE BEEN TURNE - UPSIDE DOWN. - DAVID, I WANT TO ASK EACH ONE OF - YOU WHAT IT'S MEANT? - HOW HAVE YOU -- DO YOU THINK - YOU'VE CHANGED? - WHAT'S DIFFERENT FOR YOU AFTER - THIS? - >> Brooks: WELL HISTORIANS - NOTED THAT THE ASIAN COUNTRIES - SUCCEED AND THE WESTERN - COUNTRIES FAILED. - WE'RE A LESS UNITED COUNTRY, WE

- COULD BE UNITED ABOUT THIS AND - PERSONALLY 538,000 FAMILIES HAVE - LOST A FAMILY MEMBER. - THE REST OF US HAVE ENDURED - STRESS AND ANXIETY. - THE NUMBER OF PEOPLE I KNOW WHO - ARE ON ANXIETY PILLS NOW IS KIND - OF HIGH, SUICIDE, DEPRESSION, - AND I WONDERING WHERE I LEFT - THESE THINGS AND STRESS AND - BOREDOM AND LONELINESS AFFECTS - THE MIND. - I FEEL MY MIND HAS BEEN DRAINED - BY THIS I'M READY TO SIT OUT - THERE IN THE STUDIO WITH YOU AND - JONATHAN. - >> Capehart: THAT'S A GREAT - SLIP. - >> Woodruff: AND WE'RE READY - TO GET BACK IN THE STUDIO WHEN - IT'S SAFE TO DO THAT FOR SURE. - JONATHAN, WHAT ABOUT YOU? - HOW DO YOU FEEL THINGS HAVE - CHANGED? - WHAT'S DIFFERENT NOW? - >> WELL, I AGREE WITH DAVID ON - EVERYTHING THAT HE SAID IN TERMS - OF THE NATION AND THE WORLD AND - THE IMPACT THAT IT'S HAD ON ALL - OF US. - IT DIDN'T HELP THAT WE HAD A - VERY STRESSFUL PRESIDENTIAL - ADMINISTRATION AND ELECTION THAT

- ADDED TO THAT ANXIETY. - I THINK FOR ME PERSONALLY WHAT'S - BEEN INTERESTING IS I'M AN - INTROVERT AT HEART. - I LOVE BEING AT HOME. - STAYING HOME WAS NOT A HARDSHIP - FOR ME. - >> Woodruff: WE DON'T BELIEVE - THAT BUT GO AHEAD. - >> Capehart: BUT IT'S TRUE! - HERE'S THE THING. - I FEEL LIKE I'M IN BETWEEN - GENERATIONS. - OLD ENOUGH TO BE FROM THAT - GENERATION THAT YOU WAKE UP, YOU - GO INTO THE OFFICE, MONDAY - THROUGH FRIDAY YOU MUST GO INTO - THE OFFICE TO DO WORK. - BUT I'M ALSO YOUNG ENOUGH TO - NOW, AS A RESULT OF THE - PANDEMIC, UNDERSTAND, YOU KNOW - WHAT ACTUALLY YOU CAN WORK FROM - HOME. - IT'S OKAY. - YOU'RE NOT CHEATING IN ANY WAY. - SO THAT'S ONE SORT OF GLIMMER OF - HOPE THAT I'VE TAKEN FROM THE - PANDEMIC. - BUT I DO THINK THAT WHAT IT HAS - DONE TO US AS A PEOPLE, AS - AMERICANS, AS A COUNTRY, PITTING - US AGAINST EACH OTHER OVER - WHETHER YOU'RE WEARING A MASK OR - NOT, GOVERNORS WHETHER THEY'RE - REPUBLICAN OR DEMOCRAT DECIDING

- WHETHER THEY'RE GOING TO OPEN UP - THEIR STATE, PUBLIC HEALTH BEING - POLITICIZED, THAT'S THE THING - THAT'S MOST DISTRESSING TO ME. - >> Woodruff: WELL, WE EACH - HAVE STORIES TO TELL ABOUT THIS - YEAR. - AND IT'S AMIDST SO MUCH - SUFFERING THAT WE'VE SEEN. - WE THANK BOTH OF YOU, AND WE - HOPE YOU HAVE A GOOD WEEKEND, - BOTH OF YOU, JONATHAN - CAPEHART,.DAVID BROOKS. - >> THANKS JUDY, SAME TO YOU. - >> Brooks: GOOD WEEKEND. - >> Woodruff: CHRISTIE'S, THE - AUCTION HOUSE, SOLD A WORK OF - ART YESTERDAY FOR A RECORD- - BREAKING $69.3 MILLION, FOR A - PIECE THAT EXISTS ONLY - DIGITALLY. - IT IS A SALE SEEN BY MANY AS - HISTORY-MAKING, IN THE - DEVELOPMENT OF BOTH DIGITAL ART - AND CRYPTO-CURRENCY MARKETS. - JEFFREY BROWN TAKES A LOOK FOR

- OUR ARTS AND CULTURE SERIES, - "CANVAS." - >> Brown: HE GOES BY THE MONIK“" - BEEPLE.” - REAL NAME, MIKE WINKELMANN. - HE CREATES DIGITAL IMAGES AND - VIDEOS-- HUMOROUS, GROTESQUE, - SOCIAL COMMENTARY. - AND PART OF A SERIES HE'S BEEN - WORKING ON CALLED “EVERYDAYS”-- - ONE DRAWING A DAY FOR 13 YEARS - AND RUNNING-- JUST SOLD FOR - NEARLY $70 MILLION. - >> OH MY GOD! - >> Brown: HEADY STUFF FOR A MAN - WHO HAS A HARD TIME EVEN CALLING - HIMSELF AN ARTIST. - >> I JUST FEEL LIKE THE TERM - "ARTIST" IS SUPER PRETENTIOUS. - AND SO, I WOULD NEVER BE LIKE, - "I'M AN ARTIST." - I CAN'T SAY IT. - >> Brown: WE SPOKE TO - WINKELMANN, 39, BEFORE THE - OUTCOME OF THE AUCTION. - HE CLS HIMSELF A "DESIGNER." - A COMPUTER SCIENCE GRAD, HE'D - BUILT A SUCCESSFUL COMMERCIAL - CAREER, KNOWN FOR ELABORATE - VIDEO BACKDROPS USED AT CONCERTS - AND EVENTS, EVEN THE SUPER BOWL. - BUT HE'S ALSO MADE HIS OWN WORK, - INCLUDING THE "EVERYDAYS." - >> THE THINGS THAT ARE HAPPENING

- IN THE NEWS AND DIFFERENT POP - CULTURE THINGS-- SO THERE'S SORT - OF A RANGE OF THEMES, BUT - THERE'S ALSO A LOT OF JUST - WEIRD STUFF. - IT'S DEFINITELY NOT FOR - EVERYBODY, I WILL SAY THAT. - >> Brown: YOU WILL ADMIT TO THAT - YOU HAVE A SELECT AUDIENCE. - BUT UNTIL RECENTLY, HE FACED A - MAJOR CHALLENGE. - >> I WOULDN'T NECESSARILY SAY - THAT I DIDN'T KNOW HOW TO SELL - IT. - I WOULD SAY THERE WAS NO REAL - WAY TO SELL IT. - I THINK THERE WAS-- YOU COULD - SORT OF PRINT OUT MY WORK AND - YOU COULD KIND OF COLLECT IT - THAT WAY, BUT THAT'S NOT REALLY - NATIVE TO, LIKE, THE MEDIUM THAT - I MAKE THIS ON. - I MAKE THIS ON A COMPUTER. - IT'S MEANT TO BE VIEWED ON A - SCREEN. - >> Brown: A PROBLEM FOR DIGITAL - ART: IT CAN BE REPRODUCED WITH A - SIMPLE CLICK, AND IT OFTEN LIVES - FREELY ONLINE. - SO, WHY WOULD ANYONE SPEND MONEY - ON IT? - AND HOW, AFTER ALL, CAN SOMEONE - "OWN" IT? - AN ANSWER COMES IN WHAT'S CALLED - AN N.F.T., OR NON-FUNGIBLE - TOKEN.

- PUT SIMPLY, AN N.F.T. IS A - DIGITAL “PROOF OF OWNERSHIP” - FOR A DIGITAL WORK LIKE BEEPLE'S - ART. - D THAT'S WHAT PEOPLE ARE - BUYING. - NOAH DAVIS HANDLED THE SALE FOR - CHRISTIE'S. - >> ONE WAY TO WRAP YOUR HEAD - AROUND THIS IS IF YOU'RE LOOKING - AT OUR WEBSITE AND YOU SEE THE - ILLUSTRATION ON THE LAST PAGE, - THAT'S A METAPHOR FOR THE - ARTWORK. - IT'S A SYMBOL OF THE ARTWORK, - BUT IT IS NOT THE ARTWORK - ITSELF. - THE ARTWORITSELF IS A LONG - CODE. - >> Brown: WHAT MAKES AN N.F.T. - SPECIAL IS THAT IT'S ONE-OF-A- - KIND AND IMPOSSIBLE TO COPY. - IT RELIES ON "BLOCK-CHAIN - TECHNOLOGY," SOMETIMES DESCRIBED - AS A KIND OF "DIGITAL-RECORD - KEEPING." - IT'S A SECURE WAY TO TRACK WHEN - DIGITAL EMS CHANGE HANDS - ONLINE. - AND SINCE ONLY ONE PERSON CAN - OWN AN N.F.T., THE DIGITAL ART - ASSOCIATED WITH IT SUDDENLY - BECOMES COLLECTIBLE. - AND THAT OPENS A WHOLE NEW - MARKET FOR ALL KINDS OF THINGS. - >> THE IDEA THAT YOU CAN HAVE A - COLLECTIBLE COMMODITY THAT IS - EXTRAORDINARILY VALUABLE AND - ALSO INTANGIBLE WILL CHANGE THE

- WAY THAT PEOPLE THINK ABOUT - INVESTING, THE WAY THAT PEOPLE - THINK ABOUT EXHIBITION, THE WAY - I MEAN, IT'S GOING TO AFFECT THE - TECHNOLOGY, OR EVERY PCE OF - TECHNOLOGY POTENTIALLY THAT'S - INVOLVED IN THE CONTEMPORARY ART - MARKET APPARATUS RIGHT NOW. - >> Brown: NO ONE KNOWS YET WHO - MADE THE WINNING BID ON BEEPLE, - BUT THE N.F.T. MARKET GENERALLY - HAS BEEN GROWING FAST, WITH - PLENTY OF HIGH-FLYING - ENTREPRENEURS JUMPING IN. - >> FOLKS LIKE ELON MUSK AND - MARK CUBAN ARE WEIGHING IN AND - STARTING TO BUY AND COLLECT - THESE THINGS NOW. - AND THEY'RE ALL, SORT OF - COLLECTIVELY, SEEN A - VISIONARIES-- NOT JUST FAMOUS - PEOPLE, BUT VISIONARIES WHO MADE - GAMBLES EARLY AND DID WELL. - >> Brown: JASON BAILEY, WHO - WRITES ABOUT ART AND TECH ON THE - SITE ART-NOME, SAYS THE BOOM IN - CRYPTOCURRENCIES ALSO MEANS A - NEW GENERATION OF INVESTORS. - >> THERE'S THOUSANDS OF YOUNG - PEOPLE WHO ARE TECH-SAVVY ENOUGH - TO GET INTO CRYPTO AND ARE NOW - LOOKING TO BUILD A CULTURE. - SO, THOSE ARE REAL BUYERS. - I THINK A COMBINATION OF BITCOIN - AND ETHEREUM'S EXTREME GROWTH IN - 2020 MEANS THAT A LOT OF THESE

- PEOPLE ARE CRYPTO-MILLIONAIRES. - >> Brown: AND IT'S EASY. - ANYBODY, EVEN NON-MILLIONAIRES, - CAN GO TO SITES LIKE “SUPER - RARE” AND PLACE BIDS. - >> I SEE HUGE POTENTIAL FOR - DECENTRALIZATION OF THE ART - MARKET. - WHICH MEANS SIMPLY THAT A LARGER - AMOUNT OF PEOPLE HAS ACCESS AND - PERHAPS EVEN AT A LOWER PRICE. - >> Brown: CHRISTIANE PAUL IS - CURATOR OF NEW MEDIA ARTS AT - NEW YORK'S WHITNEY MUSEUM. - SHE SAYS BOTH ARTISTS AND - COLLECTORS STAND TO BENEFIT. - BUT, SHE ALSO WANTS US TO SEE - BEYOND THIS WEEK'S CRAZE. - >> I THINK WE HAVE TO MAKE SURE - THAT WE DON'T MISTAKE WHAT WE'RE - CURRENTLY SEEING SOLD THROUGH - N.F.T. AS REPRESENTATIVE OF - DIGITAL ART. - BECAUSE IT'S A MUCH, MUCH - BROADER FIELD AND THERE ARE - STILL AESTHETIC DISTINCTIONS TO - MAKE. - >> Brown: THERE ARE ALSO - ENVIRONMENTAL CONCERNS. - N.F.T.s AND CRYPTOCURRENCIES - REQUIRE SIGNIFICANT ENERGY - TO POWER MASSIVE NETWORKS OF - COMPUTERS. - NO ONE KNOWS WHERE ALL THIS IS - HEADED, WHETHER ITS A

- SPECULATIVE BUBBLE OR SOMETHING - REAL. - BUT FOR MIKE WINKELMAN, A.K.A. - BEEPLE, THE BENEFITS TO HIM AND - OTHERS ARE PLENTY REAL FOR NOW. - >> THERE'S A BUNCH OF DIGITAL - ARTISTS WHO ARE SUDDENLY ABLE TO - MAKE A LIVING THROUGH SELLING - N.F.T.s. - SO THIS IS VERY MUCH A MOVEMENT. - AND I JUST KIND HAPPENED TO - BE SORT OF ONE OF THE MORE - POPULAR PEOPLE IN THE SPACE WHO - KIND OF IS THE SORT OF BRIDGE - RIGHT NOW BETWEEN THE - TRADITIONAL WORLD AND THIS NEW - DIGITAWORLD. - BUT I THINK THESE WORL ARE - CONVERGING VERY QUICKLY. - >> Brown: SO WHEN ARE YOU GOING - TO CALL YOURSELF AN ARTIST? - >> WELL, WE'LL SEE AFTER THIS - CHRISTIE'S AUCTION, MAYBE AFTER - THAT, MAYBE I'LL CHANGE MY NAME - BADGE TO "ARTIST." - >> Brown: FOR THE PBS NEWSHOUR, - I'M JEFFREY BROWN. - >> Woodruff: WE ARE NOW INTO THE - SECOND YEAR OF THIS GLOBAL - PANDEMIC, AND SINCE IT BEGAN,

- MORE THAN 530,000 AMERICANS HAVE - DIED FROM COVID-19. - AS WE DO EVERY WEEK, WE PAUSE TO - SHARE WITH YOU THE LIVES OF FIVE - EXTRAORDINARY PEOPLE LOST TO - THIS VIRUS. - JOSE ANTONIO MARTINEZ WOULD DO - ANYTHING FOR HIS WIFE, MARIA - JOSEFA MARTINEZ, THEIR DAUGHTER - TOLD US. - THEY WERE BOTH BORN IN CAMAGUEY, - CENTRAL CUBA, AND BOTH WENT BY - NICKNAMES-- PEPE AND JOSIE. - THEY MARRIED IN 1961 AND STARTED - THEIR FAMILY WHILE IN CUBA. - BUT BEFORE LONG, PEPE HAD TO - WORK IN A FORCED LABOR CAMP. - SO IN 1971, THE FAMILY FLED THE - CASTRO REGIME AND WENT TO THE - U.S. ON A “FREEDOM FLIGHT.” - THEY STARTED FROM SCRATCH IN - NEW ORLEANS, TAKING NIGHT - CLASSES TO LEARN ENGLISH. - JOSIE WORKED AS A CLEANER, AND - THEN A TEACHER, AND PREPARED - CHILDREN FOR HOLY COMMUNION ON

- SUNDAYS. - PEPE RAN AN AUTO PARTS STORE, - AND LOVED BASEBALL AND ELVIS. - THEY LIKED TO LISTEN TO JAZZ AND - DANCE TOGETHER. - THEIR DAUGHTER SAID THEY WERE - NEVER HAPPIER THAN WHEN THEY - WERE FEEDING FAMILY AND FRIENDS - AT THEIR HOME. - AFTER 58 YEARS OF MARRIAGE, THEY - DIED, 16 DAYS APART. - JOSIE WAS 78, AND PEPE WAS 79. - TOM CHURCH HAD A THIRST FOR - KNOWLEDGE AS DEEP AS THE OCEANS - HE STUDIED, HIS BROTHER SAID. - HIS WORK AS AN OCEANOGRAPHER - TOOK HIM AROUND THE WORLD, BUT - HE ALWAYS MADE TIME TO SOAK UP - THE LOCAL CULTURE. - HE LIVED ON A FARM IN DELAWARE - WITH HIS FAMILY. - AS A YOUNG BOY, TOM HAD POLIO, - AND HAD TO LEARN TO WALK AGAIN, - HIS BROTHER TOLD US. - DURING HIS RECOVERY, HE - DEVELOPED WHAT WOULD BE A - LIFELONG LOVE OF MUSIC-- PLAYING - BOTH THE PIANO AND TRUMPET. - TOM WAS 78. - ANTOINE HODGE'S FRIENDS AND - COLLEAGUES DESCRIBED HIM AS A

- GENTLE GIANT WITH A NURTURING - SPIRIT. - ♪ ♪ ♪ - HIS BASS BARITONE VOICE FILLED - CHURCHES AND OPERA HOUSES ALIKE, - AND HE WOULD SING WHENEVER AND - WHEREVER HE HAD THE CHANCE. - HE WAS A PROLIFIC PERFORMER, - FROM KING BALTHAZAR IN “AMAHL - AND THE NIGHT VISITORS” IN FORT - COLLINS, COLORADO, TO HIS RECENT - CHORUS ROLE IN “PORGY AND BESS” - AT NEW YORK'S METROPOLITAN - OPERA. - FRIENDS SAID HGAVE THE BEST - HUGS AND ENCOURAGED THEM TO - DREAM BIG. - ANTOINE WAS 38. - MUSIC AND LAUGHTER ECHOED - THROUGH EVERY HOME CONSTANCE - GAYLORD RIAL MATTHEWS EVER LIVED - IN, HER DAUGHTER TOLD US. - SHE SPENT HER EARLY YEARS IN - WESTERN NEW YORK, AND STUDIED - MUSIC, THEATER AND SOCIOLOGY. - SHE MARRIED JUST AFTER WORLD WAR - II AND HAD FOUR CHILDREN. - SHE LOVED TRAVELING THE RLD - AND VISITED EVERY CONTINENT

- EXCEPT ANTARCTICA. - BUT CHICAGO BECAME HER HOME, - WHERE VOLUNTEERING, OPERA, AND - ART WERE HER PASSIONS. - CONSTANCE REMARRIED LATE IN - LIFE, AND BEFORE HER PASSING AT - 97, LOVED NOTHING MORE THAN TO - BE SURROUNDED BY HER NEW, - EXTENDED FAMILY. - FOR SHARING THESE STORIES WITH - US. - OUR HEARTS GO OUT TO YOU AS THEY - DO TO EVERYONE WHO'S LOST A - LOVED ONE IN THIS PANDEMIC. - WE ASK YOU TO STAY WITH US TO - DISCOVER LONG LOST MASTERPIECES - BUT - >> Woodruff: IMAGINE DISCOVERING - THAT A PAINTING ON YOUR WALL IS

- A LONG-LOST MASTERPIECE? - IN TWO RECENT CASES, THE STORY - CENTERS ON JACOB LAWRENCE, A - LYDIA GORDON OF THE PEABODY - ESSEX MUSEUM IN SALEM, - MASSACHUSETTS IS OUR GUIDE, PART - OF OUR ARTS AND CULTURE SERIES, - "CANVAS." - >> SO, I HAVE NEVER EXPERIENCED - LIGHTNING STRIKING TWICE, BUT - THIS VERY MUCH FEELS LIKE THAT - EXPERIENCE. - SO, JACOB LAWRENCE WAS THE - MOST FAMOUS BLACK ARTIST OF THE - 20th CENTURY. - THE "STRUGGLE" SERIES FOR ME - REALLY SOLIDIFIES LAWRENCE'S - VISIONARY ARTISTIC IMPACT. - WE'RE WORKING AT THE DAWN OF THE - MODERN CIVIL RIGHTS MOVEMENT - WHEN AMERICAN ART IS REALLY - ENTRENCHED IN ABSTRACTION AND HE - HAS HIS OWN SYNTHESIS, HIS - ARTISTIC INGENUITY AND - INDIVIDUALITY, TO TELL THE - STORIES THAT ARE REALLY - UNDERREPRESENTED IN THE HISTORY - BOOKS. - FINDING MISSING WORKS OF ART IS - INCREDIBLY RARE.

- SO, PANEL 16 WAS DISCOVERED - BECAUSE OF A VISITOR TO THE - EXHIBITION'S INSTALLATION AT THE - METROPOLITAN MUSEUM OF ART IN - NEW YORK, WAS STANDING IN THE - GALLERY SEEING THIS NARRATIVE - SERIES AND LOOKING AT THE HOLES - ON THE WALL WHERE-- WHERE THE - MISSING PANELS WOULD HAVE BEEN. - AND SHE THOUGHT TO HERSELF THAT, - GEE, I THINK MY NEIGHBOR HAS ONE - OF THESE PANELS. - AND IT HAPPENED TO BE PANEL 16, - WHICH IS INCREDIBLE BECAUSE WE - DIDN'T ACTUALLY KNOW WHAT IT - LOOKED LIKE. - THERE'S INCREDIBLE GOLDS AND-- - AND GREENS THAT LAWRENCE USES - FOR THE CITIZEN'S ARMY AND THEN - THE COOL BLUE HE USES FOR THE - AMERICAN REVOLUTIONARIES. - BUT ACROSS THE PANEL, ALL THE - FACES OF THE SOLDIERS ARE IN - COMPLETE DESPAIR. - SO WE WORK WITH THE OWNERS OF - PANEL 16 TO GET THEIR PAINTING - ON THE WALL AT THE METROPOLITAN, - AND ABOUT TWO WEEKS LATER, THE - OWNER OF PANEL 28 IS READING HER - COMMUNITY BULLETIN, AND SAW THE - NAME JACOB LAWRENCE AND - RECOGNIZED IT, WENT OVER TO A

- PAINTING IN HER HOME AND OF - COURSE, SAW JACOB LAWRENCE'S - SIGNATURE AT THE BOTTOM OF THIS - PAINTING THAT HAD BEEN HANGING - IN HER HOME AND HER FAMILY FOR - DECADES. - SHE MARCHED OVER TO THE - METROPOLITAN AND A VERY NEW YORK - FASHION AND ASKED TO SPEAK TO - SOMEBODY WHO WORKED ON THE - EXHIBITION AND HELPED MAKE THE - CONNECTION THAT SHE HAD ANOTHER - MISSG PAINTING. - PANEL 28 IS REALLY INTERESTING - BECAUSE WE DID HAVE A BLACK AND - WHITE IMAGE OF IT, A VERY POOR - QUALITY ONE. - SO WHEN WE WERE ABLE TO SEE THE - PAINTING IN ITS FULL COLOR, - THINGS WERE REVEALED TO US THAT - WE COULDN'T SEE BEFORE. - SO THE FIGURE IN THE MIDDLE IS - HOLDING WHAT WE THOUGHT WAS A - PRAYER BOOK, BUT IT'S ACTUALLY A - ROSE, A POTTED ROSE. - THE FIGURE ON THE RIGHT IS - HOLDING A BABY. - LAWRENCE INCLUDED NOT ONLY - FOUNDING FATHERS IN THIS STORY, - BUT HE INCLUDED THE STORIES AND - THE CONTRIBUTIONS OF WOMEN, OF - NATIVE AMERICANS, OF ENSLAVED

- PEOPLE, BLACK PEOPLE, EUROPEANS. - TO HAVE NOT JUST ONE BUT TWO - PAINTINGS SURFACE THAT ACROSS - THE EXHIBITIONS TOUR IS - INCREDIBLY HOPEFUL AND - OPTIMISTIC. - AND I'M-- I'M CERTAIN THAT - WE WILL BE ABLE TO REUNITE ALL - 30 PANELS. - >> Woodruff: THREE PAINTINGS OF - JACOB LAWRENCE'S "STRUGGLE" - SERIES REMAIN MISSING. - "STRUGGLE" IS CURRENTLY ON - DISPLAY AT THE SEATTLE ART - MUSEUM THROUGH MAY 23. - AND THAT IS THE NEWSHOUR FOR - TONIGHT. - I'M JUDY WOODRUFF. - JOIN US ONLINE, AND AGAIN HERE - ON MONDAY EVENING. - FOR ALL OF US AT THE - PBS NEWSHOUR, HAVE A GREAT - WEEKEND. - THANK YOU, AND GOOD NIGHT. - >> MAJOR FUNDING FOR THE PBS - NEWSHOUR HAS BEEN PROVIDED BY: - >> FIDELITY WEALTH MANAGEMENT. - >> CONSUMER CELLULAR. - >> JOHNSON & JOHNSON. - >> BNSF RAILWAY. - >> THE WILLIAM AND FLORA HEWLETT - FOUNDATION.

- FOR MORE THAN 50 YEARS, - ADVANCING IDEAS AND SUPPORTING - INSTITUTIONS TO PROMOTE A BETTER - WORLD. - AT www.hewlett.org. - >> SUPPORTING SOCIAL - ENTREPRENEURS AND THEIR - SOLUTIONS TO THE WORLD'S MOST - PRESSING PROBLEMS-- - skollfoundation.org. - >> AND WITH THE ONGOING SUPPORT - OF THESE INSTITUTIONS - AND FRIENDS OF THE NEWSHOUR. - Captioning sponsored by - NEWSHOUR PRODUCTIONS, LLC - Captioned by - Media Access Group at WGBH - access.wgbh.org - >> TONIGHT ON KQED NEWSROOM. - IT HAS BEEN ONE YEAR SINCE THE

- PANDEMIC BEGAN SPEAKING ACROSS - THE GOLDEN STREET . UC HEALTH - EXPERTS DISCUSS WHERE WE HAVE - BEEN AND WHERE WE HAVE GOING. - >> -- JOINS US TO DISCUSS WOMEN - IN BUSINESS AND HURT EFFORTS TO - IMPROVE WATER ENERGY TO THE - STATE AND NATION. - >>> WELCOME TO KQED I AM PRIYA - DAVID CLEMENTS. - WHEN YEARS AGO OUR LIVES WERE - TURNED UPSIDE DOWN. - CHILDREN PLACE ORDERS WENT INTO - EFFECT SHUTTING DOWN BUSINESSES

PBS NewsHour; March 12, 2021, 6:00pm-7:00pm PST (2024)

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